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Different Branches In Engineering: Scope And Career Prospects

Engineering is a one-of-a-kind field which never ceases to grow. This field has a lot to offer to everyone who is willing to learn, innovate, go above and beyond their comfort zone and build a strong foundation for a successful career.

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Today, engineering is considered to be one of the most sought-after career choices for students studying in the Science stream. This is because this course allows individuals to develop skills and expertise which are required to lead a thriving career. By pursuing an engineering degree from one of the top institutes in our country, students can open doors to a plethora of career prospects. From Mechanical and Civil to Computer Science and Electronics, every branch of engineering has something new in store for its aspirants. In this article, we will look at a few of the top engineering branches, its scope and career prospects.

Mechanical Engineering

One of the oldest branches of engineering, this one focuses on the application of principles and problem-solving techniques to design, execute and manufacture different products. From mobile phones to cars, almost everything that moves is a result of successful mechanical engineering. After completing this programme, students can work in the following industries:

  • Machinery manufacturing 
  • Scientific research and development
  • Automotive industry
  • Construction and building
  • Aerospace

A few of the top career prospects for Mechanical Engineering students are:

  • Maintenance Engineer
  • Nuclear Engineer
  • CAD Technician
  • Control and Instrumentation Engineer
  • Automotive Engineer

The average pay of an entry-level mechanical engineer ranges between 3 and 5 Lakhs per annum (this figure might vary depending on the institution and organization).

Civil Engineering

This is another evergreen field of engineering, which deals with construction, designing and maintenance of the physical and naturally built structures such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings. Better infrastructure development calls for competent civil engineers! These professionals are required in the following domains:

  • Construction
  • Transport and Communications Infrastructure
  • Coastal and Marine
  • Energy and power
  • Geotechnical

Civil Engineering aspirants can explore a wide range of career profiles such as:

  • Consulting Civil Engineer
  • Design Engineer
  • Nuclear Engineer
  • Site Engineer
  • Structural Engineer

For students who have just completed this programme, can expect an annual CTC of more than Rs. 4 lakhs.

Electronics and Telecommunications

This branch of engineering focuses on the fundamentals of communication engineering, electric circuits, integrated circuits, digital electronics, applied electromagnetic theory and more. Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering is an ideal choice for those who have strong analytical and practical problem-solving skills, ability to explain and present complex ideas, an eye for detail and others. These experts can work in the following fields:

  • Telecommunications and IT
  • Manufacturing
  • Quality Assurance
  • Utilities
  • Consumer goods production

After completing this programme, students can explore career prospects such as:

  • Electronics Engineer
  • Electronics design and Development Engineer
  • System Control Engineer
  • Test and Integration Engineer
  • Electronics and Communication Engineer

The starting package for Electronics and Telecommunications professionals ranges between Rs. 3.5 and 4 lakhs.

Computer Science Engineering

From banks and healthcare to media and education, today, almost every industry requires a Computer Science professional. This branch of engineering focuses on computer programming and networking.   The main aim of this programme is to empower students with ample knowledge about implementation, design and management of any information system, both hardware and software. Due to the high demand in the industry and a plethora of career prospects, this is a popular choice amongst many engineering aspirants. After the completion of this course, students can work in the following areas:

  • Manufacturing 
  • Product development
  • Cybersecurity
  • Operating systems and networks
  • Robotics

A few of the popular career profiles in this field are:

  • Software Developer
  • Computer Network Architect
  • Mobile Application Developer
  • Computer Hardware Engineer
  • IT Project Manager

The average salary scale of an individual who has just completed this course is Rs 4-4.5 lakhs.

Information Technology

This is another branch which has experienced high demand and growth over the last decade. Information Technology (IT) focuses on fundamental concepts of information security, web systems, computer networking and software development. This is an ideal choice for those who have excellent analytical skills, an ability to multitask, an aptitude for math, willingness to learn and innovate.  Information Technologists are required in the following industries:

  • Data processing and hosting
  • Manufacturing
  • Telecommunications
  • Education
  • Finance and Insurance

The following are a few prospects for IT engineers:

  • Database Designer
  • Computer Programmer
  • System Administrator
  • Quality Assurance Specialist
  • Network Architect

The annual CTC for individuals who have just completed this programme can range between Rs. 4-5 lakhs per annum.

These are a few of the top branches engineering students can consider pursuing. Engineering is a one-of-a-kind field which never ceases to grow. This field has a lot to offer to everyone who is willing to learn, innovate, go above and beyond their comfort zone and build a strong foundation for a successful career.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in the article above are those of the authors' and do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of this publishing house



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