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Emerging Career Trends In Engineering And Technology

Engineering college seats were highly competitive and getting into an engineering college was a guarantee for a successful career for life. Not anymore! Many engineering colleges are either being closed or the number of seats remains unfilled!

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For decades, an engineering career has been a choice by default for almost any student passing his/her school education. Engineering college seats were highly competitive and getting into an engineering college was a guarantee for a successful career for life. Not anymore! Many engineering colleges are either being closed or the number of seats remains unfilled! A degree in engineering is no longer guaranteed to give you a job security and some of the qualified engineers are unemployed or working in non-technical underpaid positions. Closely examining the job trends and our workforce tells us the picture is grim not just because of a downslide in the job market but also due to an education system which has been slow to react to the emerging skills in demand and also shown a surprisingly callous attitude in terms of the development of actual skills for which courses were offered. Primary agency regulating technical education in India is All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and it has aggressively moved to change the situation. Efforts made by AICTE and the educational institutions have been two-fold. First, they have attempted to improve the existing courses and infrastructure in engineering colleges. The efforts in this direction included the introduction of strict quality controls on courses and ordering of closures where content delivery and infrastructure were only producing abysmally unemployable workforce. Secondly, aggressive guidelines and efforts were made to promote practical skill development rather than classroom teaching. Instead of basic engineering, actual project work has been encouraged. A number of internship programs were introduced to achieve that goal. The industry association has been especially intensified. Furthermore, engineering students are now prodded to develop their own start-ups. The policies and programs of the states and central governments have supported these activities. Lots of funds are becoming available for students with innovative and entrepreneurship ideas. To prepare a workforce to make the best use of such opportunities, entrepreneurship is directly entering into the curriculum of technical education. In addition to the enhancement of existing courses and curricula, emerging skill sets needed by the industry needed to be identified. This has led to the introduction of courses in new skills. Some of the areas of interest for the industry include courses on Mechatronics, Instrumentation, Biomedical Engineering, Power Electronics and Industrial design. Many of these areas are interdisciplinary in nature and have developed rather slowly due to a fragmentation of skills into core areas. As of a current trend, specific examples is that of Electric engineering courses, which have seen a diversification and fusion with other areas leading to the emergence of subjects such as intelligent instrumentation, artificial intelligence and robotics and Bioinstrumentation. Due to the emergence of data analytics and machine learning, as skill sets highly in demand, a mathematical component to engineering education has gained prominence. Thus, some courses have been started with stronger components of mathematical and statistical computing and modeling. We have picked up a list of coveted and sought after courses, which have a great potential for the job market. 


Authors’ pick of courses in the trending Engineering courses

Diploma courses in Engineering and Technology

3-D Animation and Graphics

Embedded Systems

Agricultural Engineering

Civil Engineering (Environment and Pollution

Control)

Apparel Technology

Cosmetology and Health

Automation and Robotics

ECG Technology

Biomedical Electronics

Electrical Power System

Chemical Engineering (Fertilizer)

Food Processing Technology

Cinematography

Mechatronics

Computer and information Science

Renewable Energy

Post Diploma courses

Advanced Electrical Power System


Food Technology


Advanced Mechatronics and Industrial

Automation


Geographic information System (G.I.S.) and

Global Positioning System


Biotechnology Tissue Culture


Industrial Safety


Environmental Engineering


Fire Technology and Safety


Undergraduate programs

Biochemical Engineering

Nano Science and Technology

Biomedical Engineering

Pharmaceuticals Chemistry and Technology

Biomedical instrumentation

Geoinformatics

Computer and Communication Engineering

Medical Lab Technology

Electrical and Power Engineering

Precision Manufacturing

Energy Engineering

Printing, Graphics and Packaging

Facilities and Services Planning

Surface Coating Technology


Post Graduate and Master level programs

Aero Dynamic Engineering

Modeling and Simulation               

Air Armament

Nano Science and Technology

Artificial intelligence

Neural Networks

BioElectronics

Robotics and Mechatronics

Biometrics and Cyber Security

Scientific Computing

Computational Mechanics

Industrial Engineering

Construction and Project Management

Plastics Processing and Testing

Cyber Forensics and information Security

Hospitality and Tourism Administration

E-Learning Technologies

Culinary Arts

Embedded and Real-Time Systems


Food Supply Chain Management



Current employers and job trends: 

Despite an apparently gloomy picture emerging from the report above, Engineering remains one of the most preferred qualifications for recruiters across the board. They are employed not only for their core skills in the subject they study but also for generic tasks of management and policy-making.  We present a survey of engineering jobs currently posted on a widely used website (www.naukri.com). As many as 114,000 job vacancies were reported, when a keyword search using the term “engineer” was performed. A diverse skill set and industries looking for engineers were observed. As has been the trend for the last many years, Informational Technology and software related jobs top the list, followed by construction industry jobs. Those in the non-engineering industries such as Recruitment, Banking and E-commerce supplement the traditional jobs of the automobile, electronics engineering etc. Within the engineering branches, a large number of jobs come from the fields not taught at the undergraduate levels, even though employers may be willing to take the beginners in some cases. 


Breakdown of recently posted jobs in naukri.com  in terms of the nature of the hiring industry


Among the hiring companies, several Biomedical companies such as United Health Group, show up on the top. Finance companies such as JPMorgan, communications companies such as BhartiAirtel and IT hardware companies such as Nvidia remain some of the top employers of Engineers (see the Table below). 


Top Companies hiring engineers (source: naukri.com) :

Employed

#Jobs

Employed

#Jobs

Employed

#Jobs

CGI Group Inc.

216

UnitedHealth Group

176

SAP Labs

271

Mphasis

337

Qualcomm

125

Nvidia Corporation

46

JPMorgan

420

Bosch India Software

420

BhartiAirtel

91

Dell International

190

Ciena Corporation

125

Cerner Corporation

47

Sasken Communication

73

Progressive Infotech

59

QuEST Global

216

Applied Materials

61

Newt Global

74

Harman International

87

Larsen & Toubro

121

Cyient

50

Flipkart

92

Network18 Media

16

Sandisk

62

Nokia Networks

162

US Technology

115

EA Games

86

Kronos Solutions

29


Geographical distribution of engineering jobs presents Mumbai, Delhi NCR, and Bengaluru as the top destinations for jobs for engineers. Pune, Chennai, Hyderabad, and Kolkata also appear popular for employers. 







Top Job locations for engineers in India:



Thus, we observe that there is still significant demand for engineers across industries and disciplines. The problem remains in terms of poor training, lack of industry interactions and slow pace of starting courses in new areas. All these fall in the purview of engineering education, where more efforts are underway. 


This article was published in BW Businessworld issue dated '' with cover story titled 'BW Education Issue Apr-May 2018'

Disclaimer: The views expressed in the article above are those of the authors' and do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of this publishing house


Tags assigned to this article:
engineering education reforms jobs aicte jnu

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