How Literacy Opens The World For Specially Abled Children
Over the last 65 years, the overall global literacy rate has increased by 4 per cent from 42 per cent to 86 per cent in 2019, however the global literacy rate for the disabled children is as low as 3 per cent
Literacy does not mean just being educated, it is a provision which makes you confident, self-sufficient and give you power enough to sustain in different circumstances. It helps you to achieve dignified status in the society, and makes you aware of your rights towards a more sustainable society.
Over the last 65 years, the overall global literacy rate has increased by 4 per cent from 42 per cent to 86 per cent in 2019, however the global literacy rate for the disabled children is as low as 3 per cent. According to UNESCO, ninety percent of the children with disability in the developing countries do not attend school. As education is the foundation skill for employability, approximately 90 per cent of the disable adults are unemployed. In most countries, the employment rate of person with disability is half the rate of employment with person with no disability.
But recent years are the days of inclusion and integration; it means to facilitate effective teaching to all the students irrespective of their disabilities. The 2030 Sustainable Development Goals focus on 'inclusive and quality education for all'. A child may have learning disability, behavioural concerns, intellectual disability, hearing or vision concerns. Under the government policy of 'Right to Education' every child has a right to education irrespective of any disability. A team of special educators, occupational therapist, speech therapists are there to integrate the child into school environment. Every child has an individualised plan, based on his/her needs called as 'IEP' tailor made to individual requirement.
Online learning mode has also added flexibility and advantage to self-paced learning. With technological aids and assistive devices, it has now become possible to teach various skills. Online learning provides the easy option of receiving the knowledge at the comfort of home atmosphere.
As the gig economy is increasing, most of the work can be done from homes, thus creating new job opportunities to physically challenged educated, trained adults. They can utilise their talent based on the educational qualification and equally help the nation as a physically abled person.
With Divyanjan Swavalaamban Yojana scheme for Persons with Disabilities providing opportunities by giving concessional loans to needy disabled person, a plethora of opportunities are opened for such person. It helps in providing empowerment to disable person who wish to begin any activity contributing directly or indirectly in the income generation. Education provides a way to use these schemes for their benefit, thus making them empowered and independent.
Disclaimer: The views expressed in the article above are those of the authors' and do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of this publishing house
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