NEET 2021: SC To Hear Petition Concerning EWS And OBC Reservations

The Centre had petitioned the Supreme Court after the Madras High Court ruled that the 10 Per cent reservation provided to EWS in all-India quota seats in medical colleges would require permission from the Supreme Court.

The Supreme Court will consider the central government's petition over the implementation of the economically disadvantaged section (EWS) quota in medical school admissions. The Centre had moved the Supreme Court after the Madras High Court ruled that the 10 per cent reservation provided to EWS in all India quota (AIQ) seats of medical colleges would need to be approved by the Supreme Court.

On August 25, the Madras High Court accepted the Centre's July 29 announcement on the 27 per cent OBC reservation for admission to medical colleges under the all-India quota (AIQ).

However, in the same remark, it was stated that a 10 per cent EWS reserve above the 49 per cent maximum on the reservation would require Supreme Court permission, and any reservation for EWS must be considered illegal until that time. The Madras High Court made these statements while hearing the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMKcontempt )'s a petition against the Centre.

The DMK had moved the Madras High Court, implying non-compliance with the court's ruling, and requested a 50 per cent quota for OBCs because virtually all seats were in state-run colleges. While the quota ceiling is set at 49 per cent in most states, it rises to 69 per cent in Tamil Nadu - 50 per cent for OBCs, 18  per cent for Scheduled Castes, and 1 per cent for Scheduled Tribes.

In response to the Madras High Court's ruling, the Centre filed an appeal with the Supreme Court on September 3, and the case will now be considered by a bench comprised of justices DY Chandrachud and B V Nagarathna.

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