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Outcome Oriented Curriculum: Need Of The Hour

Why Future Education Needs a Shift From Traditional to Outcome Oriented Curriculum

 "The measure of intelligence is the ability to change" -Albert Einstein.

One of the most compelling tasks in the development of the future is fostering quality education in India. Rapid changes are taking place in the education landscape with the rise in technology and the adoption of Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, and IoT. The paradigm shift induces the need for a skilled workforce in the future, particularly involving mathematics, computer science, and data science, in conjunction with multidisciplinary abilities across the domains like sciences, social sciences, and humanities. 

The new national and global standards of employment require students to have conceptual understanding, which can nurture the students' skills. To equip students with top skills for future growth, leading institutions need fast adoption of Outcome-Oriented Curriculum. It is a student-centric model that bases each part of an academic system around predecided outcomes. The curriculum is a dynamic roadmap that evaluates the student's performance at every step and is customized to suit the readiness level of the learners and the future career opportunities in mind.

The NEP 2020 has students' interest at its core and emphasizes outcome-based education, which implies education being context-based rather than content-based. It will help them acquire critical thinking skills, encourage problem-solving, capture creativity, experiment, innovate, and absorb transformational changes in various educational domains. The institutions should promote skill development by offering value-added courses that amount to technical training.

It is a unique curriculum that aims at students' holistic development by providing real-life situations and experiences that serve as opportunities for inquiry, discussions, and innovation. The carefully designed learning environment help students achieve a set of predecided learning outcomes through interdisciplinary integration, experimentation, discovery. The teaching-learning processes are child-centred, flexible, and enjoyable and make way for quality teaching and research.  Many institutions have adopted it to measure the learning outcomes of their students and enable them to learn new skills by introducing specific student-centric courses or programs. This evidence-based evaluation promotes a positive mindset among learners. It is an ongoing process customized and personalized for different levels to track academic mastery, acquisition of skills and growth in terms of competencies required to reach an outcome. With assignments, presentations, case studies, projects, industry visits and examinations, the process fosters learning among the students.

The conventional education system or teacher-centred learning depends on theoretical knowledge and follows a set syllabus irrespective of students' abilities and interests. Contrary to that, the outcome-oriented curriculum is flexible and allows students to have a choice and a voice in the learning process.

Outcome-oriented learning aims at preparing students for the modern workplace. It encourages them to solve real-life problems and real-world applications by offering value-added courses and technical training. The focus is clarity of concepts rather than memorizing content/concepts/formulas within a prescribed time frame. The teachers are more like facilitators and are free to adopt creative ways keeping the unique needs of the students in mind. Teachers are meant to probe, guide, and mentor and help the students engage in meaningful activities to build skills, understand perspectives, and inculcate attitudes like motivation and responsibilities.

The rapidly changing educational dynamics and a plethora of employment opportunities with the push of digitalization demands a revised rule book for students to adapt and acquire the necessary skillset to avail future opportunities.  To empower students with this skill set, it is essential to shift the dependency for evaluation from summative assessments to regular competency-based, learning and development-oriented formative assessments.  The higher-order skills, such as analysis, critical thinking, and conceptual clarity, are informative assessments. Therefore, an outcome-based curriculum is the need of the hour to make students competitive and skilled to sustain in the future job markets.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in the article above are those of the authors' and do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of this publishing house



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