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Top Programming Languages To Learn In 2021

Considering, how dynamic technology can be, new technical innovations are coming up every day and to keep up with this ever-evolving environment, it is imperative to invest in upskilling.

With computers entering every industry, programming and coding have become essential skills. Moreover, the year 2020 has given digital technology a huge boost and has spurred the market for developers and programmers. Today, the programming and developer communities are emerging at a pace faster than ever before. Considering, how dynamic technology can be, new technical innovations are coming up every day and to keep up with this ever-evolving environment, it is imperative to invest in upskilling. However, every beginner is puzzled with the question, "What programming language should I learn?" 

So, below are the top programming languages you should learn in 2021:

1. JavaScript

JavaScript, often referred to as JS, is one of the most popular coding languages used for Web Development. It was originally developed by Netscape as a means to add dynamic and connected features to websites and now is used for both frontend and backend development. It also helps in developing mobile and tablet apps. In simple words, it tells the computer programs like websites or web applications to “do something”. One of the major strengths of using JavaScript is that it doesn’t require expensive development tools. One can just start with a simple text editor. 

2. Java

Designed to boost flexibility, it allows developers to write code that would run on any machine, irrespective of architecture or the platform. The computer just needs to have the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) installed to run a Java program. Since it has been around for so long, and is highly scalable some of the solutions offered by the biggest organisations in the world are built using this language. These companies use Java in their backend architecture.

3. Kotlin

Designed by JetBrains, Kotlin language can be used anywhere where Java is used as it is a language initially designed for Java Virtual Machine (JVM). However, now it is widely used for Client-side web and android development, desktop application development, and server-side development. It is more developer-friendly as compared to Java.

4. Python

One of the most versatile programming & scripting languages available in the industry, Python is an open-source programming language which means that anyone can create and contribute to its development. Owing to its dynamic features and well-built frameworks, it is the preferred programming language for machine learning and artificial intelligence.

5. R

Developed by Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman, R is a statistical analysis programming language used extensively in the field of Data Science and Machine Learning. It helps in analyzing data that is both structured and unstructured.  Hence, it has become the standard language for performing statistical operations and is considered to be the future of programming.

6. C++

Developed by Bjarne Stroustrup, C++ is one of the oldest yet flexible general-purpose programming languages. It is an extension to the C language and can be used to develop browsers, games, operating systems and desktop applications. Since it is closer to hardware than other programming languages it is most useful in those fields where the software is closely coupled with the hardware. 

7. Golang or Go

One of the core languages favored by Google, Golang or Go is a language ideal for developers who wish to enter the field of software programming. Emerged as an alternate to C++ and Java, Go is majorly used for building web services, data pipelines and some machine learning packages. Like Python, it is an open-source language wherein developers from any part of the world can see and adopt your developments.

8. Swift

Developed by Apple in 2014, Swift is a relatively new programming language used to develop iOS and macOS based applications. Most of the applications built on the Apple App store use this general-purpose open-source programming language. 

Although the field of computer programming is changing rapidly, the languages discussed above have a great potential of staying in power throughout. If you are new to the software development industry, determining where to start would be the hardest part of learning programming languages but only you can answer the question of the best programming language to learn. By learning one or more of these languages, you should be in a good position not only for this year but for the years to come as well. With this in mind, make your selection based on your interests and the type of software development career you want to get into.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in the article above are those of the authors' and do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of this publishing house


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