IIT Jodhpur Develops Catalytic Materials To Produce High Purity Hydrogen
Researchers at IIT Jodhpur have found that hydrogen can be used as a low-cost option for fuel and be used in industries, particularly the automobiles and the energy sector
IIT Hyderabad Researchers Produce Controlled-Release Amphotericin Oral Tablets For Treatment Of Fungal Infections And ‘Kala Azar’
The researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur have developed Lanthanides based perovskite nanocomposite catalytic materials for artificial photosynthesis to produce high-purity hydrogen.
In the patented method, the researchers used natural sunlight to convert water into hydrogen and oxygen using a highly recyclable catalyst based on low-cost, simple transition metal.
Dr Rakesh K Sharma, Associate Professor, Department of Chemistry, IIT Jodhpur, is the Principal Investigator of this project. Other team members involved in this research are Dr Kiran Shejale (PhD Student), Dr Devika Laishram (PhD Student), Bhagirath Saini (PhD Student) and Dr Krishnapriya (Postdoctoral Researcher) at IIT Jodhpur. The team has now developed a series of catalysts which can efficiently produce hydrogen under ambient conditions. The end application of this research lies in the industries, automobile and energy sectors.
Hydrogen-based energy is the only viable source for a green and sustainable future. More than 90 per cent of the source of hydrogen is from petroleum feedstock, making it costly and out of reach of the common man. IIT Jodhpur’s research team is working to find a viable source of hydrogen generation. The technology developed by the IIT Jodhpur team does not need any external energy source except sunlight.
The research team has screened more than 100 catalyst combinations to develop five sets of catalysts that give high hydrogen production under sunlight. The catalysts work for wastewater, saline water and brackish water. The catalysts are recyclable and can be used multiple times. Some of the salient features of this research are as follows:
- Number of Catalysts prepared and screened: 110 (Band gap ~ 2.1 eV)
- Total optimisation steps: 19
- Hydrogen production Rate > 400 ml h-1 g-1 (pure hydrogen) at 0.02 per cent catalytic loading.
- Lanthanide based catalytic systems gave the best results.
- Continuous pure hydrogen production for 7.5hr
The process used is simple, works on a wide spectrum of sunlight, and does not require any energy source to produce hydrogen. Low cost and high purity could be an essential step towards using hydrogen as a fuel directly in vehicles avoiding fossil fuels and reducing pollution.
This novel research is being funded collaboratively by the Department of Science and Technology and IIT Jodhpur. Further, the researchers aim to develop a prototype followed by a scale-up for large-scale hydrogen production for end-user applications.
Around The World